Constitutional Law

---PREAMBLE
Edit

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, DO HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

UPHJS2016 Edit

61. The Indian Constitution has borrowed the ideas of Preamble from the :
(a) Italian Constitution
(b) Canadian Constitution
(c) French Constitution
(d) Constitution of USA

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---PART I THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY Art.( 1-4 )

---PART II CITIZENSHIP Art.( 5-11 )

UPHJS2018-I Edit

38.Can a juristic person acquire citizenship under Part-II of the Constitution of India ?
(a) Yes, if the juristic person is in operation from more than 10 years in Indian territory
(b) Yes, if that had operation in pre-partition Indian territory
(c) No
(d) Yes, as per provisions of The Citizenship Act, 1955

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---PART III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS Art.( 12-35 )

UPHJS2014 Edit

20 objective questions ..

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------General Arts 12-13

UPHJS2016 Edit

15. A corporation is "State" for the purpose of enforcement of fundamental rights if:
(a) it is a body registered according to law
(b) it is an agency or instrumentality of Government
(c) it has to report to Government
(d) the Government service rules are made applicable to its employees.

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UPHJS2009 Edit

78. The Doctrine of Eclipse is in regard to Article-
(A) 105
(B) 245
(C) 246
(D) 13

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------Right to Equality Arts 14-18

UPHJS2018-III Edit

14. Article 16 of the Constitution of India pertains to:

A. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth

B. Equality before law

C. Abolition of titles

D. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

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UPHJS2018-III Edit

16. By the constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019, which one of the following clauses was added to Article 16 of the Constitution of India:

A. Article 16 (6)

B. Article 16 (4-B)

C. Article 16 (5)

D. None of the above

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UPHJS2018-I Edit

88. The phrase “Legitimate expectation” relates to which of the following legal wings :
(a) Administrative law
(b) Constitutional law
(c) Structural law
(d) None of the above

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UPHJS2016 Edit

30. A citizen of India, who holds any office of profit or trust under the state cannot accept any title from any foreign State without the consent of the :
(a) President
(b) Prime Minister
(c) Speaker of the Lok Sabha
(d) Council of Ministers

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UPHJS2009 Edit

79. Fundamental Right conferred by Article 15(1) of the Constitution is available to-
(A) Any person
(B) Any citizen
(C) Any corporation
(D) None of the above

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UPHJS2016 Edit


2(B). Whether on account of marriage of a lady belonging to SC/ST category to be person of unreserved category she loses her status as SC/ST person for the purpose of grant of employment or contesting election to reserved seats, and what consideration would prevail in determining the caste status of a child born out of their wedlock? 10


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UPHJS2014 Edit


14. Reservation in promotion has been permitted in relation to which Article of the Constitution of India and how has the Supreme Court explained the applicability and enforcement of the relevant law on the subject with special reference to the decisions in the cases of U.P. Power Corporation v. Rajesh Kumar and others, 2012 (7) SCC PageA and M. Nagraj and others v. Union of India, AIR 2007 SC page 71 [10]


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UPHJS2012 Edit


9. (a) Critically examine the scope of reservation in promotion as provided for in Article 16 (4A) of the Constitution of India. Discuss referring to important judgments on the subject. 10


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UPHJS2012 Edit


9. (b) ‘S’ born of Kshatriya father' and scheduled tribe mother claims benefit of reservation meant for scheduled tribe. Discuss referring to relevant judgments of the Hon’ble Supreme Court. 10

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8. Discuss the provisions relating to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes and women in the Constitution of India with their object and purpose. 20

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------Right to Freedom Arts 19-22

UPHJS2018-I Edit

90. According to Article 22 (4) no detention of any person is possible without the intercession of the Advisory Board for a period exceeding :
(a) one month
(b) two months
(c) three months
(d) six months

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UPHJS2014 Edit

92. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court held that ‘right to sleep’ is a fundamental right?
(A) Naaz Foundation Case
(B) In Re Ramlila Maiden Case
(C) Anna Hazare Case
(D) None of the above

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UPHJS2014 Edit

96. The supreme court has held that prostitutes are entitled to a life of dignity under Article 21 of the Constitution. The statement is.
(A) True
(B) False
(C) Partly Correct
(D) None of the above

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UPHJS2012 Edit

25. The freedom of Press in India is-
(A) available to the people under the laws of the Parliament
(B) specifically provided in the Constitution of India
(C) implied in the right of freedom of expression
(D) available to the people under executive orders.

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UPHJS2009 Edit

76. The scope of expression “procedure established by law” occurring in Article 21 was expanded in the case-
(A) A.K. Gopalan Vs. State of Madras
(B) Charanjit Lal Chowdhury Vs. Union of India
(C) K.A. Abbas Vs. Union of india
(D) Menka Gandhi Vs. Union of india

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UPHJS2009 Edit


8. Article 21-A of the Constitution of India imposes burden on State to provide free and compulsory education, while Article 51-A places burden entirely on parents. Explain as to which one shall prevail and can be enforced in a Court of law. Give reasons with reference to selected authorities. 20

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UPHJS2007 Edit


12.(a) Explain the provisions relating to protection and improvement of the environment in our Constitution with reference to important judgments of the Supreme Court on environmental issues? 10

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UPHJS2007 Edit


12 (b) Explain the nature, scope and Extent of the liability of the polluter for environmental torts in the light of the “Polluter Pays Principle” as developed in recent Supreme Court decisions? 5



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UPHJS2009SPL Edit


9. Discuss anyone theory developed by Hon’ble Supreme Court of India under Article 21 of the Constitution of India for compensation to the victims. 20

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------Right against Exploitation Arts 23-24

------Right to Freedom of Religion 25-28

------Cultural and Educational Rights Arts 29-30

UPHJS2014 Edit

86. Which Article of the Constitution provide benefit to minority institutions.
(A) 19
(B) 16
(C) 15
(D) 30

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UPHJS2016 Edit


1(A). What are the necessary conditions to constitute an Educational Institution as a “Minority Institution”. Discuss, in brief, in the light of relevant statutory provisions and leading authorities on the subject? 10

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UPHJS2016 Edit


1 (B). Some persons constitute a Society consisting of Members of different communities and established an Educational Institution imparting education upto Secondary classes. With passage of time Society managed its affairs so as to confine its membership only to a minority community. Thereafter it resolved that hence on Educational Institution shall be a “Minority Institution” and requested State Government/ District Inspector of Schools to recognize institution as “Minority Institution”. Whether such Institution can be recognized as an “Minority Institution”? Give answer, by giving reasons, referring to relevant statutory provisions and case laws. 10


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------Saving of Certain Laws Arts 31A - 31D

------Right to Constitutional Remedies 32-35

UPHJS2018-I Edit

10. The Supreme Court can be moved under Article 32 of the Constitution of India for the enforcement of :
(a) Directive principles of state policy
(b) Fundamental rights
(c) Civil rights
(d) Fundamental duties

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---PART IV DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY Art.( 36-51 )

UPHJS2018-I Edit

34. The concept of equal justice and free legal aid is given under Article :
(a) 14 of the Constitution of India
(b) 16 of the Constitution of India
(c) 39-A of the Constitution of India
(d) 43-A of the Constitution of India

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UPHJS2014 Edit

85. Which Article of the Constitution provides for the enforcement of Uniform Civil Code.
(A) 40
(B) 45
(C) 48
(D) 44

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UPHJS2014 Edit


12. Discuss with the relevant case law of the Apex Court with regard to the provisions of the Enforcement of the Uniform Civil Code as contained in Article 44 of the Constitution of India. 10

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---PART IVA FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES Art.( 51A )

---PART V THE UNION Art.( 52-151 )

UPHJS2018-III Edit

11. All executive action of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of:
A. Prime Minister of India
B. President of India
C. Speaker of Lok Sabha
D. None of the above

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UPHJS2009 Edit

56. Who of the followings cannot be removed by the Parliament?
(A) Attorney General
(B) Auditor General
(C) Election Commissioner
(D) Chief Justice of India

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------Chapter I: The Executive Art 52-78

---------The President and Vice-President Arts 52-73

UPHJS2018-II Edit

21. The oath is administered to the President of India by:
(a) Speaker of Lok Sabha (b) Prime Minister of India
(b) Attorney General of India (d) Chief Justice of India

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UPHJS2012 Edit

27. Which of the following is not included in Electoral college for electing president?
(A) Elected members of the Rajya Sabha
(B) Elected Members of the Legislative Assembly of the State
(C) Elected Members of the Legislative Council
(D) Elected members of the Lok Sabha.

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UPHJS2012 Edit


8. (a) The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on several principles and discretion has to be exercised in public consideration. Analyse this statement in context of the powers of the President of India. 10


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UPHJS2009 Edit


9. “Pardoning power of the President is not immune from judicial review”. Examine the statement with the relevant case-law. 20

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---------Council of Ministers Arts 74-75

UPHJS2009 Edit

80. The principle ‘Collective Responsibility’ has been incorporated in Article-
(A) 75
(B) 74
(C) 105
(D) 53

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---------The Attorney-General for India Art 76

---------Conduct of Government Business Arts 77-78

------Chapter II : Parliament Art 79-122

UPHJS2014 Edit

3. Which one of the following Bills must be passed by each House of the Indian Parliament separately, by special majority? (A) Ordinary Bill (B) Money Bill (C) Finance Bill (D) Constitution Amendment Bill

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UPHJS2014 Edit

9. Which of the following sets of bills is presented to the parliament along with budget?
(A) Direct taxes and indirect taxes bill
(B) Contingency bill and Appropriation bill
(C) Finance bill and Appropriation bill
(D) Finance bill and Contingency bill

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UPHJS2012 Edit


8. (b) The Rajya Sabha after passing a Bill sends the same to the Lok Sabha for getting it to be passed. Before the Bill could be taken up for consideration, the Lok Sabha was dissolved and was thereafter again constituted. Whether the Bill can be taken up and passed by the Lok Sabha ? Refer to constitutional provisions also. 10


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---------General Arts 79-88

---------Officers of Parliament Arts 89-98

---------Conduct of Business Arts 99-100

---------Disqualifications of Members Arts 101-106

UPHJS2014 Edit

24. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court struck down that legislators cannot be disqualified on his conviction in a criminal case if he/she files an appeal in the appropriate court:
(A) Golaknath V. State of Punjab
(B) Keshvananda Bharti Vs. State of Punjab
(C) Sankari Prasad Vs. UOI
(D) Lily Thomas Vs. Union Bank of India

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UPHJS2012 Edit

29. Members of Legislative Bodies enjoy privilege of exemption from arrest or detention in prison-
(A) only under Civil process and during the continuance of a joint sit ing/ meeting/ conference or joint committee of Houses of Parliament or Houses of State Legislature as the case may be and during 40 days before and after such sitting/ meeting/ comference
(B) under Civil as well as Criminal process and as all times save with the permission of the Speaker or the Chairperson as the case may be.
(C) under Civil as well as Criminal process but only when the house is in session
(D) do not enjoy any such exemption.

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---------Legislative Procedure Arts 107-111

---------Procedure in Financial Matters Arts 112-117

UPHJS2018-II Edit

20. The special provisions to Finance Bills is provided under the Constitution of India in:

(a) Article 114 (b) Article 115
(c) Article 116 (d) Article 117

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UPHJS2016 Edit

56. Vote on account means :
(a) Vote on the report of CAG
(b) Appropriating funds pending pasting of budget
(c) Passage of bills to meet unforeseen expenditure
(d) Bill for initiation of budget

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UPHJS2009 Edit

57. Who allows the introduction of the Finance Bill?
(A) President
(B) Finance minister
(C) Prime minister
(D) Speaker

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---------Procedure Generally Arts 118-122

------Chapter III: Legislative Powers of the President Art 123

UPHJS2016 Edit


2(C). An Ordinance was promulgated by the President and lapsed with passage of time or ceased since it could not be replaced by an Act of Parliament or disapproved by Parliament. Ordinance had abolished certain posts in Government service, as a result whereof holders of such posts stood terminated. Whether such posts shall stand restored and persons who were terminated would be entitled for restoration of their service since Ordinance has. lapsed/ceased and not replaced by an Act of Parliament or disapproved? Give your answer with reasons, relevant statutory provision and case law, if any. 10


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UPHJS2009 Edit


10. (b) Point out the contingencies under which the President may promulgate Ordinances. Discuss the limitation on this power. 10

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------Chapter IV: The Union Judiciary Arts 124-147

UPHJS2018-II Edit

95. Which Article of the Constitution of India provides that the law declared by the Supreme Court of India shall be binding on all courts within the territory of India?
(a) Article 141 (b) Article 139-A
(c) Article 140 (d) Article 142

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UPHJS2014 Edit

50. Puisne judge of a Supreme Court means.
(A) A judge of inferior scale
(B) An additional judge
(C) An associate judge
(D) An adhoc judge

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UPHJS2012 Edit

22. Special Leave to Appeal under Article 136 of the Constitution of India may be granted by Supreme Court-
(A) only against the orders and judgments of the High courts
(B) from any judgment, decree, determination, sentence or order under any cause or matter passed or made by any court or Tribunal in territory of India
(C) against any appellate order or judgment passed by the Courts or Tribunal in India
(D) against the order or judgment of the High Court passed only in Public Interest Litigation.

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UPHJS2012 Edit

23. Which jurisdiction of the Supreme Court has been dealt with in Article 143 of the Constitution of India?
(A) Appellate
(B) Writ
(C) Original
(D) None of the above

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UPHJS2012 Edit

24. The prohibition regarding discussion in Parliament with regard to conduct of any Judge of the Supreme Court or of the High Court in discharge of his duties is contained in Article-
(A) 121
(B) 211
(C) 124
(D) None of the above .

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UPHJS2012 Edit


10. (a) There are many provisions in the Constitution of India which secures independence and impartiality of the judiciary. Discuss those provisions and refer to important judgments of the Hon’ble Supreme Court. 10


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------Chapter V: Comptroller and Auditor-General of India Arts 148-151

---PART VI THE STATES Art.( 152-237 )

------Chapter I: General Art 152

------Chapter II: The Executive Art 153 - 167

UPHJS2018-III Edit

13. As per Article 156(3) of the Constitution of India:
A. Governor shall hold office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters upon his office
B. Prime Minister of India shall hold office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters upon his office
C. Vice President of India shall hold office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters upon his office
D. Chief Justice of India shall hold office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters upon his office

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---------The Governor Arts 153-162

---------Council of Ministers Arts 163-164

---------The Advocate-General for the State Art 165

---------Conduct of Government Business Arts 166-167

UPHJS2018-II Edit

51. As per clause (3) of Article 166 of the Constitution of India, the Governor shall make:
(a) Rules to regulate service conditions of civil servants
(b) Rules to make necessary inquiry relating to conduct of the members of State Legislative Assembly
(c) Rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the State
(d) None of the above

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------Chapter III: The State Legislature Art 168-212

UPHJS2012 Edit

30. How many members can be nominated to the State Legislative Council by the Governor?
(A) 1/6th
(B) 1/12th
(C) 1/3rd
(D) 1/9th

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---------General Arts 168-177

UPHJS2016 Edit

18. The Legislative Council of a State should not exceed of the total number of members in the Legislative Assembly of that State :
(a) 1/2 (b) 1/3
(c) 1/4 (d) 1/5

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---------Officers of the State Legislature Arts 178-187

---------Conduct of Business Arts 188-189

---------Disqualifications of Members Arts 190-193

---------Powers, privileges and immunities of State Legislatures and their Members Arts 194-195

---------Legislative Procedure Arts 196-201

---------Procedure in Financial Matters Arts 202-207

---------Procedure Generally Arts 208-212

------Chapter IV : Legislative Power of the Governor Art 213

------Chapter V : The High Courts in the States Art 214-231

UPHJS2018-III Edit

10. A peon working in a High Court may be dismissed from service without holding any inquiry as prescribed under Article 311 of the Constitution of India , where the:
A. Governor of Uttar Pradesh exercising powers conferred by the proviso to Article 233
B. Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court invoking powers under Article 235 of the Constitution of India
C. Governor of Uttar Pradesh invoking powers under Article 258-A of the Constitution of India
D. None of the above

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UPHJS2018-II Edit

56. The correct number of High Courts in India is :
(a) 24 (b) 25
(c) 33 (d) 27

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UPHJS2018-I Edit

35. Can a distinguished jurist, who neither remained an Advocate nor a Judicial Officer, be appointed as a Judge of Allahabad High Court:
(a) No
(b) Yes, if the collegium of Judges of Allahabad High Court recommends for that
(c) Yes, by the President of India after consultation with Chief Justice of India
(d) Yes, if the collegium of Supreme Court Judges recommends for that

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UPHJS2016 Edit

86. If any question arises as to the age of a Judge of a High Court, the question shall be decided by :
(a) Chief Justice of India after consulting the Governor of the State
(b) President after consulting the Chief Justice of High Court of concerned High Court
(c) Chief Justice of High Court concerned after consulting the Governor of | the state.
(d) President after consulting the Chief Justice of India.

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------Chapter VI : Subordinate Courts Art 233-237

UPHJS2018-III Edit

9. Uttar Pradesh Higher Judicial Service Rules, 1975 have been enacted by the:
A. Governor of Uttar Pradesh exercising powers conferred by the proviso to Article 233 of the Constitution of India
B. Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court invoking powers under Article 235 of the Constitution of India
C. Governor of Uttar Pradesh invoking powers under Article 258-A of the Constitution of India
D. None of the above

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UPHJS2018-I Edit

39. The Provisions for appointment to District Judges are prescribed in :
(a) Part-VI Chapter V of the Constitution of India
(b) Part-VI Chapter VI of the Constitution of India
(c) Part-Ill of the Constitution of India
(d) Part-V Chapter VI of the Constitution of India

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UPHJS2012 Edit

26. The District Judge can be given power to issue prerogative writs by-
(A) order of Supreme Court under Article 141 of the Constitution of India
(B) Executive Orders issued by the Governor in consultation with the High Court under Article 162 of the Constitution of India.
(C) the Parliament by law under Article 32 of the Constitution of India.
(D) the High Court by a decision of Full Court.

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UPHJS2014 Edit


13. What is the scope and extent of control of the High Court over the subordinate judiciary as understood under Article 235 of the Constitution of India. 10


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---PART VII THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE Art.( 238 )

---PART VIII THE UNION TERRITORIES Art.( 239-243 )

---PART IX PANCHAYATS Art.( 243-243zg )

---PART IXA MUNICIPALITIES Art.( 243-243zg )

UPHJS2018-III Edit

7. Part IX-A relating to Municipalities was inserted in the Constitution of India by the:
A. Constitution (Seventy-fourth Amendment)Act, 1992
B. Constitution (Seventy-first Amendment)Act, 1992
C. Constitution (Forty-second Amendment)Act, 1976
D. None of the above

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---PART X THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS Art.( 244-244A )

---PART XI RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES Art.( 245-263 )

------Chapter I : Legislative Relations Arts 245-255

UPHJS2016 Edit


2(A). Explain relations between the Union and the States in legislative matters with reference to various Articles of the Constitution. 10

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UPHJS2009 Edit


10. (a) Explain the doctrine of “Pith and Substance” in relation to distribution of legislative powers between the Centre and the State. 10

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CG HJS 2018 Edit

Write short notes on

  1. (B) (1) Colourable Legislation [ 5 marks ]

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CG HJS 2018 Edit

Write short notes on

  1. (B) (2) Doctrine of Pith and Substance [ 5 marks ]

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------Chapter II : ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS Arts 255-263

---PART XII FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS Art.( 264-300A )

------Chapter I : FINANCE Art 264-291

UPHJS2018-I Edit

87. The Finance Commission gives recommendations to President as to :
(a) distribution of net proceeds of taxes between Union and States
(b) principles which should govern the grants-in-aid of the revenues of the States of the Consolidated Funds of India
(c) measures needed to augment the Consolidated Funds of a State to supplement
the resources of Panchayats and Municipalities
(d) all the above

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------Chapter II : BORROWING Arts 292-293

------Chapter III : PROPERTY, CONTRACTS, RIGHTS, LIABILITIES, OBLIGATIONS AND SUITS Arts 294-300

UPHJS2007 Edit


10. Explain the constitutional requirements as to the manner in which contracts may be made in exercise of the executive power of the Union or the States in India? 15

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------Chapter IV : RIGHT TO PROPERTY Art 300A

UPHJS2018-III Edit

48. No person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. It is:
A. Fundamental Right
B. Directive Principle of such policy
C. Constitutional Rights
D. All the above

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UPHJS2018-II Edit

54. No person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law. It is:
(a) Fundamental Right (b) Directive Principle of such policy
(c) Constitutional Rights (d) All the above

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---PART XIII TRADE,COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA Art.( 301-307 )

UPHJS2012 Edit


10. (b) In order to ensure availability of timber to the common man at a reasonable rate, the State of U.P. declared timber as an essential commodity and imposed a total ban on the movement of timber from Uttar Pradesh to any other area outside the State. The total ban is challenged as violative of Article 301 of the Constitution. Decide. 10




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---PART XIV SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES Art.( 308-323 )

UPHJS2018-I Edit

33. Part XIV of the Constitution of India relates to :
(a) Elections
(b) Special provision relating to certain classes
(c) Service under the Union and the States
(d) None from the above

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------Chapter I : SERVICES Arts 308-314

UPHJS2009 Edit

81. Constitutional safeguards to civil servants have been given in Article-
(A) 311
(B) 300
(C) 44
(D) None of the above

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UPHJS2007 Edit


11. “Doctrine of Pleasure in relation to Civil Servants has been largely watered down by the specific constitutional safeguards guaranteed by the Constitution”. Discuss in the light of the constitutional provisions and decided cases. 15

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------Chapter II : PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS Arts 315-323

UPHJS2018-II Edit

22. The Chairman and Members of the Union Public Service Commission are appointed by :
(a) The Cabinet (b) The Chief Justice of India
(c) The Prime Minister of India (d) The President of India

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---PART XIVA TRIBUNALS Art.( 323A-323B )

UPHJS2018-III Edit

15. Whether the powers under Article 323-A of the Constitution of India can be exercised by appropriate legislature to constitute Administrative Tribunal:
A. Yes
B. Yes, if the Tribunal is to be constituted for adjudication of the matters relating to the State service
C. No
D. Yes, if the Tribunal is made for adjudication of service matters relating to educational disputes.

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UPHJS2018-I Edit

40. The establishment of the Central Administrative Tribunal is in consonance with the provisions of:
(a) Article 323-B of the Constitution of India
(b) Article 323-A of the Constitution of India
(c) Article 315 of the Constitution of India
(d) Article 320 of the Constitution of India

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---PART XV ELECTIONS Art.( 324-329A )

---PART XVI SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES Art.( 330-342 )

UPHJS2018-II Edit

52. A commission to investigate the conditions of socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India and the difficulties under which they labour and to make recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the Union of India to remove such difficulties to improve their conditions can be made by the President of India as per:
(a) Article 335 of the Constitution of India
(b) Article 348 of the Constitution of India
(c) Article 340 of the Constitution of India
(d) Article 16 of the Constitution of India

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UPHJS2018-II Edit

53. Which one is the correct answer:
(a) As per Article 332 of the Constitution of India, sea ts shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, except Scheduled Tribes in the autonomous districts of Assam in the Legislative Assembly of every State
(b) As per Article 332 of the Constitution of India, seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Parliament
(c) As per Article 332 of the Constitution of India, seats shall be reserved for the Panchayat Raj Institutions
(d) All the above

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---PART XVII OFFICIAL LANGUAGE Art.( 343-351 )

------Chapter I: LANGUAGE OF THE UNION Arts 343-344

------Chapter II: REGIONAL LANGUAGES Arts 345-347

------Chapter III: LANGUAGE OF THE SUPREME COURT, HIGH COURTS, ETC. Arts 348-349

------Chapter IV: SPECIAL DIRECTIVES Arts 350-351

---PART XVIII EMERGENCY PROVISIONS Art.( 352-360 )

UPHJS2014 Edit

2. Which one of the following Articles of the Indian Constitution provides that it shall be the duty of the Union to protect every state against external aggression and internal disturbance?
(A) Article 215
(B) Article 275
(C) Article 325
(D) Article 355

Answer

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UPHJS2009 Edit

25. During operation of proclamation of emergency under Article 352 of the Constitution of India, the enforcement of Fundamental Rights can be suspended except Fundamental Rights guaranteed under Articles-
(A) 14 & 19
(B) 15 & 21A
(C) 20 & 21
(D) None of the above

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UPHJS2009 Edit

77. Scope of Article 356 was examined in the case-
(A) S.R. Bommai vs. Union of India
(B) Sankari Prasad Vs. Union of India
(C) Minerva Mills Ltd. Vs. Union of India
(D) U.N.R. Rao Vs. Indira Gandhi

Answer

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UPHJS2009SPL Edit


10. The framers of the Indian Constitution felt that in an emergency the Centre should have overriding powers to control and direct all aspects of administration and legislation throughout the country. Explain referring to various constitutional provisions. 20




Answer

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---PART XIX MISCELLANEOUS Art.( 361-367 )

---PART XX AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION Art.( 368 )

UPHJS2018-III Edit

12. In which of the following cases, Supreme Court of India held that secularism is the basic feature of the Constitution of India:
A. M. Nagaraj and others Versus Union of India and others; AIR 2007 SC 71
B. V.K. Sasikala Versus State; AIR 2013 SC 613
C. S.R. Bommai and others Versus Union of India and others; AIR 1994 SC 1918
D. None of the above

Answer

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UPHJS2018-I Edit

89. Goods and Services Tax (GST) was introduced by following Constitutional Amendment :
fa) Constitution One Hundredth Amendment Act 2016
(b) Constitution One Hundred and First .Amendment Act 2016
(c) Constitunon Ninety-ninth .Amendment Act, 2016
(d) Constitution One Hundred and Second Amendment Act 2016

Answer

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UPHJS2014 Edit

23. Which amendment act of the constitution reduced the voting age from 21 years to 18 years.
(A) Sixtieth Amendment 1988
(B) Sixty-First Amendment 1989
(C) Sixty-Second Amendment 1990
(D) Sixty-Third Amendment 1990

Answer

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UPHJS2014 Edit

48. The preamble to the Constitution of India was first amended vide.
(A) Constitution 42nd Amendment Act, 1976
(B) Constitution 24th Amendment Act, 1971
(C) Constitution 75th Amendment Act, 1993
(D) Constitution 77th Amendment Act, 1995

Answer

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UPHJS2007 Edit


9. Explain the power of Parliament to amend the Constitution of India? Refer to landmark decisions of the Supreme Court on the above subject.? 15

Answer

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---PART XXI TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS Art.( 369-392 )

UPHJS2018-III Edit

8. Article 371 of the Constitution of India provides special provision with respect to the States of:
A. Nagaland and Manipur
B. Mizoram and Nagaland
C. Meghalaya and Tripura
D. Maharashtra and Gujarat

Answer

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UPHJS2018-I Edit

37. Article 371 of the Constitution of India prescribes :
(a) Special provisions with respect to the States of Maharashtra and Guiarat
(b) Special Provisions with respect to the State of Nagaland
(c) Special provisions with respect to the State of Manipur
(d) Temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu Sc Kashmir

Answer

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---PART XXII SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN HINDI AND REPEALS Art.( 393-395 )

---Schedules

UPHJS2018-II Edit

55. VII th Schedule of the Constitution of India contains :
(a) State list only
(b) Union list only
(c) Concurrent list only
(d) State list, Union list and Concurrent list all

Answer

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UPHJS2018-I Edit

36. The Tenth Schedule was appended with the Constitution of India:
(a) By the Constitution (Fifty-Second Amendment) Act, 1985
(b) By the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act, 1976
(c) By the Constitutiion (Thirty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1975
(d) By none from the above

Answer

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UPHJS2016 Edit

22. Which of the following is not in the State List under the Constitution of India?
(a) Education
(b) Public health
(c) Betting and Gambling
(d) Agriculture

Answer

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UPHJS2016 Edit

57. Mark the Correct Statement in relation to Anti-Defection Law :
(a) The Speaker/Chairman is to decide questions of disqualification of a Member of Parliament but the decision is amenable to judicial review.
(b) When a nominated member joins a political party after 6 months he is not liable to be disqualified.
(c) An independent member can join a political party after election without incurring the risk of disqualification.
(d) None of the above

Answer

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UPHJS2014 Edit

49. The Eight Schedule of the Constitution of India provides for
(A) Panchayat Raj
(B) Anti Defection
(C) Validation of certain Acts and Regulations
(D) Official Languages

Answer

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UPHJS2012 Edit

28. 11th Schedule of the Constitution of India contains-
(A) powers, authorities and responsibilities of the municipalities endowed to it by State Legislature
(B) powers, authorities and responsibilities of Panchayat endowed to it by Parliament
(C) powers, authorities and responsibilities which any local Government can exercise.
(D) powers, authorities and responsibilities endowed to Panchayat by State Legislature.

Answer

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---Appendices

---MISC. / CURRENT AFFAIRS

UPHJS2014 Edit

25. ‘Doctrine of unjust enrichment" was laid down by the Supreme Court in which one of the following cases?
(A) Sarla Mudgal V. Union of India
(B) Mafatlal Industries Ltd. Vs. Union of India
(C) S.R. Bommai Vs. Union of India
(D) Unni Krishnan Vs. State of A.P.

Answer

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UPHJS2014 Edit

90. In which of the following recent cases did the constitution bench of the Supreme Court hold that Indian Courts have no jurisdiction over arbitral awards seated outside of India?
(A) Bhatia International v. Bulk Trading
(B) Bharat Aluminium Co. V Kaiser Aluminium Technical Service
(C) Standard Chartered Bank V. HSBC
(D) None of the above

Answer

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UPHJS2014 Edit

93. Which of the fundamental rights was amended by the 97th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2011 which got the President’s assent on 12th January, 2012?
(A) Right to Equality
(B) Right to Freedom
(C) Right to Life
(D) None of the above

Answer

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On this Page

PREAMBLE
PART I THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY Art.( 1-4 )
PART II CITIZENSHIP Art.( 5-11 )
PART III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS Art.( 12-35 )
--- General Arts 12-13
--- Right to Equality Arts 14-18
--- Right to Freedom Arts 19-22
--- Right against Exploitation Arts 23-24
--- Right to Freedom of Religion 25-28
--- Cultural and Educational Rights Arts 29-30
--- Saving of Certain Laws Arts 31A - 31D
--- Right to Constitutional Remedies 32-35
PART IV DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY Art.( 36-51 )
PART IVA FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES Art.( 51A )
PART V THE UNION Art.( 52-151 )
--- Chapter I: The Executive Art 52-78
------ The President and Vice-President Arts 52-73
------ Council of Ministers Arts 74-75
------ The Attorney-General for India Art 76
------ Conduct of Government Business Arts 77-78
--- Chapter II : Parliament Art 79-122
------ General Arts 79-88
------ Officers of Parliament Arts 89-98
------ Conduct of Business Arts 99-100
------ Disqualifications of Members Arts 101-106
------ Legislative Procedure Arts 107-111
------ Procedure in Financial Matters Arts 112-117
------ Procedure Generally Arts 118-122
--- Chapter III: Legislative Powers of the President Art 123
--- Chapter IV: The Union Judiciary Arts 124-147
--- Chapter V: Comptroller and Auditor-General of India Arts 148-151
PART VI THE STATES Art.( 152-237 )
--- Chapter I: General Art 152
--- Chapter II: The Executive Art 153 - 167
------ The Governor Arts 153-162
------ Council of Ministers Arts 163-164
------ The Advocate-General for the State Art 165
------ Conduct of Government Business Arts 166-167
--- Chapter III: The State Legislature Art 168-212
------ General Arts 168-177
------ Officers of the State Legislature Arts 178-187
------ Conduct of Business Arts 188-189
------ Disqualifications of Members Arts 190-193
------ Powers, privileges and immunities of State Legislatures and their Members Arts 194-195
------ Legislative Procedure Arts 196-201
------ Procedure in Financial Matters Arts 202-207
------ Procedure Generally Arts 208-212
--- Chapter IV : Legislative Power of the Governor Art 213
--- Chapter V : The High Courts in the States Art 214-231
--- Chapter VI : Subordinate Courts Art 233-237
PART VII THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE Art.( 238 )
PART VIII THE UNION TERRITORIES Art.( 239-243 )
PART IX PANCHAYATS Art.( 243-243zg )
PART IXA MUNICIPALITIES Art.( 243-243zg )
PART X THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS Art.( 244-244A )
PART XI RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES Art.( 245-263 )
--- Chapter I : Legislative Relations Arts 245-255
--- Chapter II : ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS Arts 255-263
PART XII FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS Art.( 264-300A )
--- Chapter I : FINANCE Art 264-291
--- Chapter II : BORROWING Arts 292-293
--- Chapter III : PROPERTY, CONTRACTS, RIGHTS, LIABILITIES, OBLIGATIONS AND SUITS Arts 294-300
--- Chapter IV : RIGHT TO PROPERTY Art 300A
PART XIII TRADE,COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA Art.( 301-307 )
PART XIV SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES Art.( 308-323 )
--- Chapter I : SERVICES Arts 308-314
--- Chapter II : PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS Arts 315-323
PART XIVA TRIBUNALS Art.( 323A-323B )
PART XV ELECTIONS Art.( 324-329A )
PART XVI SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES Art.( 330-342 )
PART XVII OFFICIAL LANGUAGE Art.( 343-351 )
--- Chapter I: LANGUAGE OF THE UNION Arts 343-344
--- Chapter II: REGIONAL LANGUAGES Arts 345-347
--- Chapter III: LANGUAGE OF THE SUPREME COURT, HIGH COURTS, ETC. Arts 348-349
--- Chapter IV: SPECIAL DIRECTIVES Arts 350-351
PART XVIII EMERGENCY PROVISIONS Art.( 352-360 )
PART XIX MISCELLANEOUS Art.( 361-367 )
PART XX AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION Art.( 368 )
PART XXI TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS Art.( 369-392 )
PART XXII SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN HINDI AND REPEALS Art.( 393-395 )
Schedules
Appendices
MISC. / CURRENT AFFAIRS